PLANNING & INSTALLATION


DESIGN & PLANNING

Tiles are modular pieces that can be arranged to create any pattern you wish. The wide selection of tile shapes, sizes, colours and finishings allows you to create the ideal ambience for every room or space you have in mind.

Once you have your design, here are some planning tips to take into consideration prior to installation:

  • Consider the environment of the area the tiles are to be installed and the technical characteristics required of the tiles.
  • Check for straightness of floors and walls.
  • Check if any special treatment is needed for the area to be tiled, such as waterproofing, special bedding, or levelling.
  • Identify the different quantities of tiles required for different sub-sizes and shades, and the general sequence of the whole tiling job.
  • Determine the width joints and type of grout needed, as well as the expansion joints for a large area to be tiled. The recommended tile gap is a minimum of 3mm.
  • There are different types of adhesives for different installation conditions. It is recommended to check with a professional as well as the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure that the right type of adhesive and grout is chosen for your application, for example porcelain tiles require greater adhesive strength.
  • Tiles may come in random shades, so it is best to dry-lay the tiles first to ensure that the shades are harmonious.
  • It is best to make sure that the lighting condition in the area being tiled is as close as possible to the final lighting condition, so that the final effect is as desired.
  • Experienced and well-equipped contractors generally charge more, but good tiling workmanship usually results in durability and maintenance is cheap and fuss-free.
BEFORE INSTALLATION
  • Always check tiles upon delivery. Ensure that the specifications are as ordered.
  • If supplied in batches, ensure proper arrangements to avoid mixed shades and sizes that can occur in different batches.
  • Store tiles in a suitable dry area, on a firm and level ground.
  • Use pallets when stacking to prevent damages due to breakages and for ease in handling. Limit stacking to 3 pallets height.
DURING INSTALLATION

Step 1

Dry-lay the tiles first to minimise the number of cut tiles and to ensure the shades are harmonious. Mark the working lines using the wall as a guide.

Step 2

Apply the adhesive following manufacturer’s instructions carefully. Lay the tiles section by section, levelling each with its neighbouring tile. Always place tiles on adhesive while the adhesive is still fresh and within its open time (the amount of time before adhesive skins and when it will still provide maximum adhesion).

Step 3

Remove dust and dirt from behind the tile prior to installation. Lay the border tiles. Remember to have a grout line between the border tiles and the wall.

Step 4

For wall tiles, mark out where the fixtures (e.g. light switches etc) are located. Take note of corners and the borders around the windows.

Step 5

Leave tiles to set. The setting time will vary from a few hours to a few days, depending on the type of base surface and adhesive used.

Step 6

Apply grout as the final step after allowing sufficient time for tile to cure and do the final clean up.

As work progresses, do periodic checks to ensure that the blend and effect is maintained and no defective tiles are installed.

AFTER INSTALLATION
  • Remove excess grout residue with a grout remover.
  • A wet vacuum can be used to pick up suspended grout residue and construction dirt completely.
  • Avoid working over tiles during curing time and ensure to protect tile work with pvc sheets when working on other areas within the space.
  • Once installed, do not allow any work or traffic for 4 days, and thereafter only light foot traffic for the next 10 days.
  • Avoid vibrations and hammering near newly installed areas.